Adult chater

that toured studio theatres in the UK from 2003 - 2005.Mary was Music Director at the BOVTS, worked as a pianist for Raimund Herincx and other singers and instrumentalists in London, also teaching adult evening classes for the ILEA.

According to the Linguistic Niche Hypothesis (Lupyan and Dale, 2010; LNH: Dale and Lupyan, 2012), larger proportions of non-native speakers in exoteric communities promote morphological simplification of the majority language.

Adult reformulations, then, offer children an important source of information about how to correct errors in the course of acquisition.

This research was supported in part by grants from the National Science Foundation (SBR97-31781), the Spencer Foundation (199900133), and the Center for the Study of Language and Information, Stanford University, to the second author.

This is thought to occur because simplifying adjustments to non-native interlocutors produced by native speakers (Little, 2011) or linguistic forms better adapted to learning constraints of adult second-language (L2) learners are adopted and transmitted to subsequent generations.

Support for this hypothesis comes from qualitative (Mc Whorter, 2007; Trudgill, 2011) and quantitative (Szmrecsanyi and Kortmann, 2009; Lupyan and Dale, 2010; Bentz and Winter, 2013) analyses suggesting a negative correlation between the proportion of L2-learners in a linguistic community and the morphological complexity of the majority language (but see Nichols, 1992; Atkinson et al., 2016, for failures to observe this link).

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