Dating the reign of solomon

The most glaring problems lie within, and just prior to, the Third Intermediate Period (TIP), which consists of Dynasties 21-25, classically dated 1069-664 BC.In this regard, the Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, which does not propose a revised chronology, notes that: “No pharaonic king-lists include the 21st-25th Dynasties….The Assyrian chronology is fixed by several astronomical events, the earliest being an eclipse of the sun in 763 BC (Thiele 1983, 69).Solomon was the third king of Israel, following Saul and David.The 18th dynasty capital at Thebes was much too distant, lying about 350 air-miles south of the Israelite land of Goshen in the Nile Delta.Revised Egyptian Chronology Modern Egyptian chronology is based on three main approaches: 1) archaeological dating methods such as stratigraphic excavation and artifact identification, 2) “absolute” chronologies based on calendar and astronomical records, and 3) carbon 14 radiometric dating.

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A number of investigators (e.g., Courville 1971, Aling 1981, James 1991, Rohl 1995, Stewart 1999, Ashton and Down 2006) have dared to challenge the “orthodox” view, pointing out that portions of the chronology are unrealistically expanded, which pushes the preceding Egyptian history further back in time than is justified.However, the biblical and Egyptian histories for this period are not complimentary.For example, Moses traveled to the Egyptian capital [5] to confront pharaoh on almost a daily basis.Each of these categories needs to be considered in any discussion of chronology revision. Relative Dating As mentioned above, there is evidence that the dating of the 20th-25th dynasties has been artificially expanded.This situation was set in motion when 19th-century Egyptologists set up arbitrary dynastic dates based on several faulty assumptions.

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